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Tips for bikers

Advice from TÜV Hanse

[image] Note: This information applies only to vehicles registered in Germany. header-tüv

Contact TÜV HANSE:

Phone: +49 (0)40-253 329 -0

Fax: +49 (0)40-253 329 -109

Free appointment hotline: 0800-TÜV HANSE
+49 (0)800-888 4267

Looking to modify, convert or just enhance the look of your bike? TÜV HANSE, one of Germany's technical inspectorates, has compiled some useful tips for bikers on the following topics:

What changes am I allowed to make? Accessories and add-ons – what is permitted and what needs to be entered in vehicle documents? Where can I find this information?

lenker hebel griffe

Handlebars/Levers/Grips

§§ 30, 61 StVZO*

Handlebars, levers and grips can be replaced with aftermarket products.

  • All aftermarket handlebars must be tested and approved
  • The product should always be supplied with a test report or type approval (ABE) (this must specify the motorcycle! Furthermore, approval must contain details of any restrictions, installation requirements, and whether there is an obligation to enter in vehicle documents.)
fussraste

Footrests

§§ 30, 61 StVZO*
Footrests can be replaced with aftermarket products.

  • The number of footrests must correspond to the number of seats (2 per seat)
  • All footrests must be folding
  • The product should always be supplied with a test report or type approval (ABE) (this must specify the motorcycle! Furthermore, approval must contain details of any restrictions, installation requirements, and whether there is an obligation to enter in vehicle documents.)
bremsen

Brakes

§§ 30, 19 StVZO* // 93/14 EEC

Brake components are type-tested parts. They can be replaced with aftermarket products.

  • Brake lines, e.g. steel-braided – with or without plastic sheath – do not generally need to be entered in the vehicle documents, but must be installed in compliance with the installation requirements of the type approval.
  • Brake lines must be leak-free and routed to prevent abrasion and twisting/kinks.
  • Brake discs, such as Wave discs, always have a test report or type approval and must be specific to the respective motorcycle.
  • Brake pads must have national (KBA** No.) or an international approval (EC or ECE mark).
  • Brake (OEM) spare parts (OEM design, approved replica) do not need to be entered in the vehicle documents.
radfelge

Wheels/Tyres

§§ 30, 36 StVZO* // 97/24 EEC

Always make sure these are the correct size, classification and designation (for this information, see vehicle registration certificate)

  • Pay attention to the correct running direction!
  • Make sure you have the correct tyre type and manufacturer! (if necessary, download manufacturer authorisation from the Internet and obtain stamped validation)
  • If using replacement rims (such as PVM, Marchesini etc.), check compatibility with motorcycle type and have this verified if necessary!
motorradrahmen

Frame

§ 30 StVZO* // 2002/24 EC

The frame must be in its original as-delivered condition!

  • No welding
  • No drilling
  • No deforming
  • Welded joints must not be polished in such a way that material is removed
  • All modifications (such as shortening of the frame at the back etc.) must be entered in the vehicle documents
hauptständer

Side/centre stand

61StVZO* // 2009/78/EC

Mandatory!

  • The motorcycle must be fitted with a side and/or centre stand
  • It must not be possible to ride off with the stand folded down
  • The stand must be properly secured – usually by means of two springs or one spring combined with a retaining clip or a verified durable spring (10,000 cycles)
radabgeckung

Huggers

§ 30, 36a StVZO*

Huggers – yes or no?

  • There are national regulations for motorcycle huggers (150 mm above axle centre – covering complete tread width).
  • For motorcycles with EC approval, there are no particular regulations pertaining to huggers.
  • However, we do not recommend dismantling them entirely. If the modification adversely affects road safety, the hugger may be required.
  • Please also refer to the installation requirements for reflectors and tail lights.
seitenspiegel

Mirrors

97/24 EEC

The approval mark is what counts!

The number of mirrors depends on the first registration of the vehicle:

  • Prior to 01.01.1990 1 left
  • From 01.01.1990 below 100 km/h 1 left
  • From 01.01.1990 above 100 km/h 2

If the mirror carries an approval mark, it complies with the required size of 69 cm2 and is therefore approved.

auspuffanlage

Exhaust / intake system

§§ 19, 30, 49 StVZO* // 97/24 EEC

"In – out" approach.

  • Statements such as: "It's just come loose", "The retention screw fell off" or "It started rattling all of a sudden" will generally NOT be accepted by the police. This means: The type approval is no longer valid (§19 cl.2 StVZO*: ... if the noise characteristics deteriorate...)
  • Mark: All aftermarket systems for the road have an approval mark (KBA** No. or EC/ECE mark). The DB eater must be in the silencer!
  • Obligation to produce supporting documents: You are not required to carry a card or other document for the replacement system with you!
  • Installation: Because the silencer or system has been manufactured for the particular motorcycle, it must be installed without any "conversion work". No modifications!
  • Noise level: If an aftermarket silencer becomes significantly noisier over time, it is the duty of the vehicle owner (registered keeper), not the manufacturer, to deal with it! If necessary, you will need to replace the silencer.

You can, of course, make an appointment to bring your vehicle to TÜV HANSE for a noise test to see if it meets requirements!

scheinwerfer

Lights

§§ 49a - 54 StVZO* // 93/92 EEC

See and be seen. But properly ... (only with certification mark)

Position lights/parking light:

  • EC requirement, permitted acc. to StVZO*
  • Number: 1, acc. to EC; also 2
  • Width: Symmetrical in relation to the centre-line of the vehicle, acc. to StVZO* only in the headlight
  • Height: 350 - 1200 mm, acc. to StVZO* up to 1500 mm

Low beam:

  • Mandatory
  • Number: 1, acc. to EC; also 2
  • Width acc. to EC: if the vehicle is fitted with 2 headlights, max. distance between them: 200 mm, symmetrical in relation to the centre-line of the vehicle
  • Width acc. to StVZO*: max. 200 mm from high beam head-light, symmetrical in relation to the centre-line of the vehicle
  • Height: 500 - 1200 mm, acc. to StVZO* for first registration prior to 01.01.1988: up to 1000 mm


High-beam:

  • Mandatory
  • Number: 1 or 2
  • Width: max. distance between the light-emitting surfaces of 2 headlights: 200 mm
  • Height: no specific requirements
  • Blue high beam indicator light mandatory, acc. to StVZO* indication via switch position also permitted.


Turn signals (direction indicators):

  • Mandatory, acc. to StVZO* for first registration as from 01.01.1962
  • Number: 4
  • Designation at front: 1, 1a, 1b, 11
  • Designation at rear: 2a, 2b, 12
  • Width (min.): acc. to EC: front 240 mm, rear 180 mm, acc. to StVZO*: front 340 mm, rear 240 mm, distance between bar end turn signals (bullseyes): 560 mm
  • Height: 350 - 1200 mm
  • Tell-tale indicator is an EC requirement, visual or audible signal or both, permitted acc. to StVZO*
  • Bullseye bar end turn signals for first registration as from 01.01.1987: only permitted in combination with additional rear turn signals.


Hazard warning flasher:

  • Acc. to EC: not permitted on mopeds, permitted on motorcycles, acc. to StVZO*: also permitted on mopeds
  • Special switch for synchronous operation of all indicator lights
  • Tell-tale indicator light mandatory, acc. to StVZO*: with red light


Fog light:

  • Number: 1, acc. to EC: also 2 permissible
  • Width: acc. to EC: 2 headlights must be symmetrical in relation to the centre-line of the vehicle, acc. to StVZO*: max. 250 mm from centre-line of the vehicle, also permitted on crash bar
  • Height: max. as for low beam
  • Switch with position light, low-beam and high-beam
  • Tell-tale indicator light permitted


Brake lights:

  • Mandatory, acc. to StVZO*: only for first registration as from 01.01.1988
  • Number: 1, acc. to EC: also 2 permissible
  • Mounting position: centre of vehicle
  • Height: Lower edge (LE): min. 250 mm (acc. to StVZO*: min. 350 mm), Upper edge (UE): max. 1500 mm


Tail lights:

  • Mandatory
  • Number: 1 or 2
  • Mounting position: centre of vehicle
  • Height: UE min. 250 mm, LE max. 1500 mm


License plate illumination:

  • Mandatory at rear of vehicle


Rear reflector:

  • Mandatory, non-triangular
  • Number: 1 or 2
  • Height: UE min. 250 mm, LE max. 900 mm


Gas discharge lamp/"Xenon":

  • Generally permitted on motorcycles, provided the design of the overall light system complies with the valid ECE-R53 regulations.
  • Headlights must be explicitly tested to verify their suitability for use with gas discharge lamps. (Must be indicated by the letter D ("Discharge") on the headlight housing in close proximity to the approval mark.)
  • Automatic headlight range adjustment is mandatory.
  • Retrofitting so-called "Xenon kits" is not permitted, as they do not use officially type-approved components in accordance with their intended purpose.


Additional lights permitted acc. to EEC:
93/92 EEC App. V, Nos. 6.8, 6.9, 6.11

  • Rear fog light
  • Hazard warning flashers on vehicles with first registration prior to 17.06.2003
  • Side-mounted, non-triangular reflectors
  • Reflective, white tyre side walls
  • Parking lights
  • Reversing lights


Rear fog light/hazard warning flasher on vehicles with first registration prior to 17.06.2003:

  • Side-mounted, non-triangular reflectors
  • Reflective, white tyre side walls
  • Parking lights
  • Reversing lights

*StVZO = German Road Traffic Licensing Regulations
** KBA = German Motor Transport Authority

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The Louis Technical Centre

Problems getting spare parts? Or maybe you've got a technical question about your motorcycle or an accessory The Louis Technical Centre can help! Remember to quote all the necessary details of your vehicle – better still, send us a copy of your registration document.

We will get back to you as quickly as possible!

So: send us your technical problem!

Please note!

These tips for DIY mechanics contain general recommendations that may not apply to all vehicles or all individual components. As local conditions may vary considerably, we are unable to guarantee the correctness of information in these tips for DIY mechanics.

Thank you for your understanding.

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